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INTRODUCTION

Cleaning as a whole is not just about knowing the right products and solutions. What is even more important is that we truly understand the type of surface that needs cleaning and catering to the criteria and sensitivity of each surface goes a long way in ensuring that cleaning products, methods and solutions works effectively. As such, we at Blondal Stada acknowledge the importance of delivering the right information and knowledge about the types of flooring available and would like to place emphasis on these crucial information that would salvage the form and functions of each types of floorings.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/6″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/6″][/vc_column][vc_column width=”2/3″][vc_column_text]

TYPES OF FLOORING

There are three categories of flooring as a whole which are the hard floors, semi-hard floor and soft floors.[/vc_column_text][vc_single_image image=”3024″ css_animation=”appear” border_color=”grey” img_link_target=”_self” img_size=”full” alignment=”center”][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/6″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/1″][vc_tabs][vc_tab title=”Natural Textiles” tab_id=”1452225803-2-74″][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/1″][vc_column_text]The use of synthetic fibres in carpets has been steadily increasing since first introduced in 1950. It includes nylon, the acrylic and modacrylic fibres, polypropylene and polyester.

The first textile floor coverings were mats and rugs woven from wool of sheep and other animals. To increase resistance to wear and tear, tufting was introduced. In this process, threads of wool are looped through a web backing and up again, then cut short so that both ends form part of the wear and tear surface.

Tufting adds further advantage as tufted carpets can be wider than woven carpets thus facilitates wall-to-wall coverings.

The disadvantage of natural textiles is that they are less durable than other floor materials. Too much exposure to water will result in shrinkage and this applies to both the pile and web backing. A jute underfelt will shrink in the same way as a woollen pile.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/4″][vc_single_image image=”3067″ alignment=”center” border_color=”grey” img_link_target=”_self” img_size=”medium”][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/4″][vc_single_image image=”3068″ alignment=”center” border_color=”grey” img_link_target=”_self” img_size=”medium”][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/4″][vc_single_image image=”3069″ border_color=”grey” img_link_target=”_self”][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/4″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_tab][vc_tab title=”Synthetic Textiles” tab_id=”1452226729455-4-1″][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/1″][vc_column_text]Synthetic fibres are shrink-resistant and easier to dye in different colours during piece-dyeing. The yarns most in use are polyamide yarns due to the different dye-absorbing qualities.

It also reduces cost of production and increases production rates.

Synthetic textile pile with a natural textile web backing for cleaning purpose, must be regarded as one made of natural textiles and are easily vacuumed and shampooed with modern cleaning machines.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/4″][vc_single_image image=”3070″ alignment=”center” border_color=”grey” img_link_target=”_self” img_size=”medium”][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/4″][vc_single_image image=”3065″ border_color=”grey” img_link_target=”_self”][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/4″][vc_single_image image=”3066″ border_color=”grey” img_link_target=”_self”][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/4″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_tab][vc_tab title=”Wood” tab_id=”1452226992531-3-8″][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/1″][vc_column_text]Word in the hard, fibrous plant tissue that makes up the greater part of the stems and branches of trees beneath the bark. It is usually classified as hardwood or softwood, hardwoods being more suitable as flooring materials because of their density.

Untreated wood floor are very difficult to clean because they are porous and absorbs dirt. The oldest method of treating a wood floor was by waxing and polishing but varnishing has become another common treatment method. Today, special wood varnishes are used to give wood floors a more solid surface. Wood floor of varnished oak, for example are easy to maintain and can be washed with water, though care should be given when doing so. Once the surface of the varnished wooden floor is scratched, the entire varnish has to be removed by grinding with special floor grinders.

Oil-waxed or polished wooden floors may be maintained using dry cleaning methods and should then be treated with oil wax which cleans and maintains them. Oil wax which is available in both liquid and solid form contains white spirit and this is serves as a cleaning agent.

Waxed floors will not withstand water and should be maintained by mopping and spray polishing them. Stains and scratches should be dissolved and polished away with spray polish.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/6″][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”2/3″][vc_single_image image=”3057″ alignment=”center” border_color=”grey” img_link_target=”_self” img_size=”medium”][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/6″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_tab][/vc_tabs][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/4″][vc_button title=”Download PDF version” target=”_self” color=”btn-primary” icon=”none” size=”wpb_regularsize” href=”http://www.stada.com.my/wp-content/uploads/Cleaning-Guide-Chapter-One_Soft-Floor.pdf”][/vc_column][vc_column width=”3/4″][/vc_column][/vc_row]